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Signs of ADHD Evident by Preschool

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One in eleven children will be diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and as many as 40 percent will show symptoms as early as preschool. Dr. Mark Mahone, director of the department of neuropsychology at Kennedy Krieger Institute in Baltimore, says that early detection of ADHD is necessary because it has an effect on learning and academic development.

“Children whose symptoms begin in early childhood are at the highest risk for academic failure and grade repetition,” Mahone noted in an institute news release. “Research shows that children with ADHD have abnormal brain development, meaning that ADHD has a biological basis that often makes it a lifelong condition.”

Mahone says parents should keep an eye on their child’s behaviors. In children aged three to four, the following behaviors can often be associated with the diagnosis of ADHD by the time they reach school age:

  • Avoids or dislikes activities that require more than one to two minutes of concentration
  • Talks a lot more and makes more noise than other children the same age
  • Loses interest in activities after a few minutes
  • Climbs on things despite being told not to
  • Unable to hop on one foot by the age of four
  • Acts fearless, which can result in dangerous situations
  • Almost always restless and insists on getting up after being seated for only a few minutes
  • Warms up to strangers too quickly
  • Has been injured because they were moving too fast or running after being told to slow down
  • Behaves aggressively

“If parents observe these symptoms and have concerns about their child’s development, they should consult with their pediatrician or another developmental expert,” said Mahone. “There are safe and effective treatments that can help manage symptoms, increase coping skills and change negative behaviors to improve academic and social success.”

Resource: http://www.everydayhealth.com/add-adhd/0801/signs-of-adhd-evident-by-preschool.aspx

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