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Eczema 101

photo courtesy of arztsunami/freedigitalphotos.net

photo courtesy of arztsunami/freedigitalphotos.net

The term ‘eczema’ refers to a variety of conditions characterized by inflamed or irritated skin. The most common form of eczema is atopic dermatitis. 10 to 20 percent of infants and 3 percent of adults in the U.S. suffer from eczema. Most children with eczema see their eczema symptoms disappear by age 10. Symptoms The hallmark symptoms of eczema are itching, rashes, and irritation of the skin. Eczema rashes cause the skin to become very dry and scaly; they may start with a reddish tinge and progressively get darker. The areas eczema most commonly affects are:

  • The face
  • The back of the knees
  • The wrists
  • The hands
  • The feet

In infants, the rash can cause oozing and crusting on the skin of the face and scalp. However, an eczema breakout can occur anywhere on the body. Causes Doctors do not yet understand the exact cause of eczema. The prevailing view is that excessive immune responses to external irritants trigger eczema rashes. Not surprisingly, families with a history of allergies or asthma are at increased risk for the dermatologic disease; these conditions are also caused by over-zealous immune systems. People often see an onset of symptoms after contact with certain triggering substances or situations. Some such eczema triggers include:

  • Rough or coarse materials
  • Feeling too hot or too cold
  • Soap or detergent
  • Animal dander
  • Respiratory infections and colds
  • Stress

Every eczema patient has different triggers. Finding your personal triggers and avoiding them is key to any eczema treatment plan. Do you or someone you care for have eczema? See if you qualify for IMMUNOe’s clinical research study on eczema (atopic dermatitis) today! Source: http://www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/guide/atopic-dermatitis-eczema

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